Vinnarsupportrarna blir mest våldsamma

Man tänker sig lätt att det förlorande lagets supportrar blir mer våldsamma efter en match i sporter som fotboll och rugby, men ett par studier antyder att det tvärtom är det vinnande lagets supportrar som blir det:

  • ”Winning, Losing, and Violence”, publicerad i Injury Prevention: ”Matches which the Wales team won (p = 0.03), match attendance (p<0.001), and weekend matches (p<0.001) were positively associated with ED assault related injury attendances. Assault frequency measured in this way was no different for home and away matches. … Assault injury resulting in ED treatment was more frequent when national teams won than when they lost.”
  • ”The Effect of Rugby Match Outcome on Spectator Aggression and Intention to Drink Alcohol”, publicerad i Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: ”Analyses were performed on 197 male spectators (mean age 42 years). Spectators in ‘win’ (z = 2.63, p < 0.01) and ‘draw’ (z = 2.76, p < 0.01) groups rated themselves as more aggressive than those in the pre-game group, but those in the losing group did not (z = -0.03, p > 0.05). … This study suggests that team success but not failure may increase aggression among supporters, and that aggression, not celebration, drives post-match alcohol consumption.”

Skulle en förklaring kunna vara att hormonellt baserad upphetsning i högre grad infinner sig när det lag man identifierar sig med vinner? I vilket fall kan polisinsatser dämpa våld i samband med sportevenemang.