Sex för pengar och utsatta kvinnors situation

Jag har tidigare skrivit om oavsedda effekter av den svenska sexköpslagen (ökat våld mot kvinnor) och om att annonsering av sexuella tjänster minskade dödligt våld mot sexarbetare. En ny studie på samma tema, ”Crimes Against Morality: Unintended Consequences of Criminalizing Sex Work”, finner följande:

We examine the impact of criminalizing sex work, exploiting an event in which local officials unexpectedly criminalized sex work in one district in East Java, Indonesia, but not in neighboring districts. We collect data from female sex workers and their clients before and after the change. We find that criminalization increases sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers by 58 percent, measured by biological tests. This is driven by decreased condom access and use. We also find evidence that criminalization decreases earnings among women who left sex work due to criminalization and decreases their ability to meet their children’s school expenses while increasing the likelihood that children begin working to supplement household income.

Ytterligare ett forskningsresultat som tyder på att förbud mot sexarbete har skadliga bieffekter, alltså. Det kanske inte är en slump att det i hög grad verkar vara duktiga nationalekonomer som uppmärksammar dessa, i linje med Bastiats uttalande:

There is only one difference between a bad economist and a good one: the bad economist confines himself to the visible effect; the good economist takes into account both the effect that can be seen and those effects that must be foreseen.

För en klassisk analys av oavsedda konsekvenser av medvetet handlande rekommenderar jag Robert Mertons artikel ”The Unanticipated Consequences of Purposive Social Action”.